EDI's Background

Dictionary

ANSI
Acronym for American National Standards Institute, which is the organization that acts as coordinator and clearing house for information on national standards, including EDI.


EDI
Also referred to simply as EDI is the most common EDI standard used in North America.


API
Acronym for Application Program Interface, which is middleware provided by a software publisher that enables software created by other software publishers to integrate with their application.


AS1
AS1 (Applicability Statement 1) is a specification for transporting data securely and reliably over the Internet using Simple Mail Transfer Protocol (SMTP) as the communications protocol. SMTP is the de facto standard for exchanging e-mail transmissions across the Internet. Security is achieved by using digital certificates and encryption.


AS2
AS2 (Applicability Statement 2) is a specification for transporting data securely and reliably over the Internet using Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) as the communications protocol. Security is achieved by using digital certificates and encryption.


AS3
AS3 (Applicability Statement 3) is a specification for transporting data securely and reliably over the Inernet using File Transfer Protocol (FTP) as the communications protocol. Security is achieved by using digital certificates and encryption.


ASC
Acronym for Accredited Standards Committee, which is a team that has been chartered by ANSI to develop a specific set of standards.


ASN
An Advanced Ship Notice, or ASN, is also known as the 856 transaction in EDI parlance. ASNs indicate when a shipment was sent, the carrier used to ship it, and how it was packed.


Barcode
A barcode (also bar code) is a machine-readable representation of information. Originally barcodes stored data in the widths and spacings of printed parallel lines, but today they also come in patterns of dots, concentric circles, and text codes hidden within images. Barcodes can be read by optical scanners called barcode readers.


BOM
Bill of materials (BOM) is the term used to describe the "parts list" of components needed to complete an end-item for sale.


BSP
A Business System Plug-in (BSP) is a TrueCommerce software module that "maps" or arranges the data structure of EDI transactions so that they may be imported into and exported out of an accounting software application in an automated fashion.


Connectivity
The ability to make and maintain a connection between two or more points in a telecommunications system. The typical mechanism for establishing connectivity in an EDI system is a Value Added Network (VAN).


CSV file
The comma-separated values (CSV) file format is a file type that stores tabular data using the comma symbol to distinguish between different values.


Data Element
The smallest unit of information in an EDI transaction set, such as quantity or ZIP code. Data elements combine to make data segments.


DUNS Number
A nine-digit number assigned and maintained by Dun & Bradstreet to identify unique business establishments. DUNS numbers are assigned worldwide and include US, Canadian and international organizations.


EAN
A European Article Number (EAN) is a barcoding standard which is a superset of the original 12-digit Universal Product Code (UPC) system developed in North America.


EDIFACT
United Nations/Electronic Data Interchange For Administration, Commerce, and Transport (UN/EDIFACT or EDIFACT) is the international EDI standard developed under the United Nations.


ELP
The Electronic Label Plug-in (ELP) is a TrueCommerce software module that automates printing barcode labels.


FTP
File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a common way to move files between computers over the Internet. Anonymous FTP gives users access (without an ID and password) to areas on a remote system that contain public files.


Functional Acknowledgement
A Functional Acknowledgement (also referred to as a 997 transaction) confirms that an EDI transaction has been received by a trading partner and indicates the time and date of receipt.


Integration
Integration refers to the process of exchanging data between to different applications in an automated fashion (with little or no manual intervention).


SCAC
Standard Carrier Alpha Codes (SCAC) are unique four-letter codes that identify transportation carriers







Trading partner
A trading partner is another company with whom you conduct business, such as a vendor or customer.


Transaction
A transaction is the exchange of a business document that facilitates a business process, such as a purchase order, invoice or advance ship notice.


Translation
The act of converting a business document to and from the EDI standard.


UPC
Universal Product Code (UPC) is the most common barcode format used in North America.


VAN
A Value Added Network (VAN) refers to an intermediary used to facilitate EDI connectivity between trading partner.





Source: highjump.com



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